China’s Third-Quarter Economic Growth Slows to 4.9 Percent Amid Power Crunch, Property Woes

Cindy Liu
By Cindy Liu
October 18, 2021Business News
China’s Third-Quarter Economic Growth Slows to 4.9 Percent Amid Power Crunch, Property Woes
Security guards walk along at financial district of Lujiazui in Shanghai, China, on Oct. 15, 2021. (Aly Song/Reuters)

China’s economy recorded slower-than-expected growth in the third quarter as the country grapples with a worsening energy crisis and property woes.

The latest data released by China’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Oct. 18 showed the year-on-year gross domestic product (GDP) growth in the third quarter hit a year low at 4.9 percent, slowing from 7.9 percent in the second quarter.

The world’s second-largest economy had staged a much-touted rebound from last year’s pandemic slump, but the recovery has lost steam from the blistering 18.3 percent growth clocked in the first quarter.

Many analysts had revised down their projections for China’s economic growth this year due to concerns about risks arising from debt-saddled Evergrande, power cuts, supply chain disruptions, and regulatory crackdowns on sectors from tech to property. However, the slowdown in the July to September quarter is still sharper than expected.

NBS spokesperson Fu Linghui, during the Monday conference in Beijing, put the weak performance down to factors including sporadic COVID-19 outbreaks and flooding impacts.

The recent flooding, which hit China’s top coal-producing regions, Shanxi and Shaanxi Provinces, had forced coal mines to halt production and sent the coal price to a record high, deepening the country’s energy crisis.

A coal-burning power plant
A coal-burning power plant behind a factory in the city of Baotou, in China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, on Oct. 31, 2010. (David Gray/Reuters)

Power Crunch

China is in the midst of a growing power crunch which has led to electricity rationing in 16 out of the country’s 31 provinces and regions, ranging from the industrial hub Guangdong in the south to the northeast rust belt Liaoning. The electricity cuts, along with Beijing’s restrictive policies on energy emission aimed at tackling climate change, have dented factory output and disrupted several industries, especially the energy-intensive cement and steel producers.

Data on Monday showed that the industrial output rose a mere 3.1 percent in September from a year earlier, slowing from 5.3 percent in August. It also marks the slowest growth since March 2020, during the first wave of the pandemic.

Aluminium output declined for the fifth consecutive month, and daily crude steel output hit the lowest level since 2018.

The influence of the surging cost of energy has also been reflected on September’s producer price index, a figure that measures price fluctuations of goods at the factory gate, which grew at the fastest pace in 25 years.

NTD Photo
An aerial view shows the Evergrande Changqing community in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, on September 26, 202.( Getty Images)

Property Woes

Monday’s data also revealed weakness in the country’s real estate sector, an industry that contributes to nearly one-third of China’s GDP.

New construction starts in September slumped for a sixth straight month, NBS data showed, the longest spate of monthly declines since 2015.

The country’s biggest real estate developer Evergrande, which owns 1,300 projects in more than 280 cities, is facing a possible default as it wrestles with more than $300 billion in debt.

Fears of the firm’s collapse as well as its spillover effects on the broader economy have escalated after the indebted developer missed three rounds of bond coupon payments in the past few months.

While China’s central bank recently played down the crisis, saying risks relating to Evergrande were “controllable,” an analyst has suggested the problems signaled an “end of the country’s breathtaking economic boom.”

Bucking the negative trend, retail sales grew 4.4%, faster than forecasts and the 2.5% growth in August. However, the figure may take a hit in October as authorities in at least four provinces have imposed a new round of regional lockdowns on Monday to tackle the COVID-19 outbreak. A tourist group from Shanghai was confirmed infected with the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) virus after they traveled through four provinces in northeastern China.

“Most of the [negative] factors are policy-driven… the economy is having a lot of pain points, and these pain points are not going away soon because policies are here to stay, and therefore it will continue into 2022,” said Iris Pang, chief economist for greater China at ING.

Analysts at Barclays cut their fourth-quarter forecast by 1.2 percentage points to 3.5 percent on the disappointing data. Analysts at ANZ cut their forecast for China’s 2021 GDP growth to 8.0 percent from 8.3 percent.

Rita Li and Reuters contributed to this report.

From The Epoch Times

ntd newsletter icon
Sign up for NTD Daily
What you need to know, summarized in one email.
Stay informed with accurate news you can trust.
By registering for the newsletter, you agree to the Privacy Policy.