US, China to Launch New Talks on ‘Balanced’ Economic Growth Amid Overcapacity Concerns

Dorothy Li
By Dorothy Li
April 6, 2024US News
US, China to Launch New Talks on ‘Balanced’ Economic Growth Amid Overcapacity Concerns
U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen looks on prior to a meeting with Chinese Vice Premier He Lifeng in Guangzhou, China, on April 6, 2024. (Ken Ishii - Pool/Getty Images)

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said on Saturday that the United States will launch two new initiatives with China and hold more economic dialogues aimed at addressing the increasing overcapacity in the world’s second-largest economy.

Ms. Yellen is on her second trip to China as Treasury Secretary. Following two days of extended dialogues with her Chinese counterpart, Vice Premier He Lifeng, Ms. Yellen announced that the two sides agreed to establish a new initiative for “intensive exchanges on balanced growth in the domestic and global economies.”

“These exchanges will facilitate a discussion around macroeconomic imbalances, including their connection to overcapacity,” Ms. Yellen said in a statement on Saturday. “I intend to use this opportunity to advocate for a level playing field for American workers and firms.”

Ms. Yellen said she was “particularly concerned” about Beijing’s overproduction in certain sectors due to state subsidies and other policy support. A priority of the Treasury Secretary’s trip was to pressure Beijing to address the issue of overproduction, especially in new green energy sectors like solar, electric vehicles, and lithium-ion batteries.

“I think the Chinese realize how concerned we are about the implications of their industrial strategy for the United States, for the potential to flood our markets with exports that make it difficult for American firms to compete, and that other countries have the same concern,” Ms. Yellen told reporters after announcing the new scheme in Guangzhou, a southern Chinese export hub.

China’s overcapacity involves its “entire macroeconomic and industrial strategy,” she said. “It’s not going to be solved in an afternoon or a month.”

“But I think they have heard that this is an important issue to us.”

Treasury Department and China’s Ministry of Finance will assume the leadership role of the new group, Exchange on Balanced Growth in the Domestic and Global Economies, according to a statement issued by the Treasury.

Another scheme set up by the Treasury and the People’s Bank of China is dedicated to combating “illicit finance and financial crime.” U.S. and Chinese officials will have their first exchange on the issue in the “coming weeks.”

“This new effort will enable the U.S. and China to share best practices and provide updates on the actions we are each taking to close loopholes in our respective financial systems,” Ms. Yellen said in the statement.

China characterized the two-day talk between Ms. Yellen and Mr. He as “candid, pragmatic, and constructive.” According to a summary of the meetings published by state media Xinhua, the two sides agreed to discuss a series of issues under the economic and financial working groups, such as “sustainable finance” and “balanced growth” in the two countries and other economies.

The United States and China set up two working groups last year to deal with economic and financial issues. The first meeting of the financial issue working group was held in Washington on Thursday.


During the two-day talks with her Chinese counterpart, Ms. Yellen also raised Washington’s concerns about the regime’s ties with Russia.

Ms. Yellen said she warned the regime of “significant consequences” if their companies provided material aid to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

“We’ve been clear with China that we see Russia as gaining support from goods that China, Chinese firms are supplying to Russia,” Ms. Yellen told reporters.

The Chinese side told her that “it is their policy not to provide Russia with military support,” she added. “Neither of us want this to be an issue with our bilateral relationship. So we’re working together.”


Ms. Yellen heads to Beijing on Saturday afternoon for two more days of talks with senior Chinese officials, including Premier Li Qiang and the People’s Bank of China governor Pan Gongsheng.

Steven Hayes, president of the Florida-based advocacy group Americans for Fair Taxation, urged the Treasury secretary to “retaliate” against Beijing’s dumping by restricting Chinese imports and relocating the supply chain.

The Chinese regime is trying to use state subsidies to “destroy” U.S. business, Mr. Hayes said in an interview with NTD on Thursday.

Beijing knows “if they bring products over at a low enough price, that U.S. businesses will not be able to stay in business long enough to compete, because they’re not getting the same subsidies,” he said. Their purposes were to drive American firms out of business, “and then they can raise the prices from China and have free reign.”

En route to China, Ms. Yellen told reporters that she “won’t rule out” the possibility that the Biden administration would impose tariffs or other trade barriers on China to protect U.S. green energy industries negatively impacted by China’s overproduction.

Steven Mosher, president of the Population Research Institute and author of a new book, “The Devil and Communist China,” suggested that Washington should respond to communist China’s industrial overcapacity with heavy tariffs.

“I think the tariffs should actually be increased to match the level of the subsidies that the Chinese Communist Party is providing industry,” Mr. Mosher told NTD.

“They are very dependent on their export base now, because the domestic sector of the economy is quite blank, [and] frankly, floundering,” he said.

“Now, it’s the time to put pressure on them.”

Frank Fang contributed to this report.

From The Epoch Times

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