WASHINGTON—U.S. consumer spending plunged 7.5 percent in March, reflecting the growing impact of the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) virus pandemic as Americans complied with stay-at-home orders.
The Commerce Department said that the spending decline was the sharpest monthly drop on records that go back to 1959, exceeding the previous record, a decline of 2.1 percent in January 1987.
Personal incomes also fell sharply last month, declining by 2 percent with wages and salaries, the largest part of incomes, falling by 3.1 percent as millions of Americans started getting lay-off notices.
The report said that the country experienced big declines as “consumers canceled, restricted, or redirected their spending.”
The government reported April 29 that the overall economy, as measured by the gross domestic product, shrank at an annual rate of 4.8 percent in the January-March quarter, led by the biggest quarterly drop in consumer spending since 1980.
Consumer spending accounts for 70 percent of economic activity and has been the economy’s standout performer in recent years. However, with further sharp spending declines forecast, analysts are predicting that GDP will shrink by around 40 percent in the current April-June quarter, the biggest quarterly decline on record.
The GDP decline in the first quarter signaled the end of the country’s longest economic expansion, which began in June 2009. The Trump administration is hoping this downturn will be V-shaped, with a sharp fall followed by a rapid increase as stay-at-home orders expire and Americans go back to work and resume normal activities such as shopping and eating in restaurants.
But many private economists worry that the downturn could linger until a vaccine against the virus is developed and becomes widely available, something that may not occur until the middle of next year.
“The coronavirus fear, the social distancing measures, the financial volatility, and plummeting confidence have taken a severe toll on consumers’ ability and willingness to spend,” said Lydia Boussour, senior U.S. economist at Oxford Economics.
The March report showed that an inflation gauge closely followed by the Federal Reserve dropped 0.3 percent in March and is up 1.3 percent from a year ago, well below the Fed’s 2 percent target for inflation.
The Fed on Wednesday signaled that it would keep its benchmark interest rate near zero for the foreseeable future as part of its extraordinary efforts to bolster an economy expected to suffer its worst economic crisis since the 1930s.
By Martin Crutsinger
Epoch Times staff contributed to this report.