US Senate Report Accuses China of ‘Digital Authoritarianism’

By Reuters
July 21, 2020Chinashare
US Senate Report Accuses China of ‘Digital Authoritarianism’
Sen. Bob Menendez (D-N.J.) exits the chamber at the U.S. Capitol during President Donald Trump's Senate impeachment trial in Washington on Jan. 31, 2020. (Amanda Voisard/File Photo/Reuters)

WASHINGTON—China is using its technological rise to develop “digital authoritarianism” to conduct surveillance and censor information not just within its borders, but around the world, a U.S. Senate report said on Tuesday.

The report, led by Sen. Bob Menendez (D-N.J.), the top Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and conducted by Democratic staff, says China uses technologies such as artificial intelligence and biometrics to keep track of its citizens and control information.

The report’s release comes as relations between Washington and Beijing are increasingly strained, with President Donald Trump blaming China for the coronavirus pandemic—which he calls the “China Virus”—and jockeying over trade, human rights, and Beijing’s military buildup in the South China Sea.

Washington has also been pushing allies to exclude products from China’s Huawei Technologies from 5G networks, viewing the company as a security threat, and is paving the way for sanctions on it and other Chinese companies.

A shop for Chinese telecom giant Huawei
A shop for Chinese telecom giant Huawei features a red sticker reading “5G” in Beijing on May 25, 2020. (Nicolas Asfouri/AFP via Getty Images)

The report discusses new laws strengthening Beijing’s control over information, and big government investments in companies developing technologies that support these efforts.

It says China exports digital technologies to increase its influence elsewhere and seeks more clout at international organizations such as the World Trade Organization and the World Health Organization.

“China is executing a long-term plan to dominate the digital space,” the report said, accusing Beijing of seeking to undermine democratic institutions and values.

The report includes recommendations for the U.S. government, and especially Congress, to counter China’s rise. Those include legislation to create a public-private consortium developing a U.S. alternative to China’s 5G technology and a “Digital Rights Promotion Fund” to push back against China’s use of mass surveillance.

It also backs opening a cyber military service academy, and for the U.S. president to lead a coalition of countries to work together to counteract China.

By Patricia Zengerle

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