Conjoined at the Skull Bangladeshi Twins Separated by Hungarian Doctors in 30-Hour Operation

By Lorenz Duchamps

Two Bangladeshi girls who were born conjoined at the head have been successfully separated by a medical team led by 35 Hungarian doctors.

The 3-year-old sisters, Rabeya and Rukaya, were in a stable condition after the 3o-hour procedure ended on Friday, Aug. 2 at a military hospital in Dhaka, the Bangladeshi capital.

The medical team of a Hungarian charity, Action for Defenseless People Foundation (ADPF), was led by Dr. Andras Csokay, a neurosurgeon.

The twin sisters only had a 50 percent chance of both surviving the separation, doctors said, according to AFP.

According to ADPF, only a handful of operations to separate twins joined at the head have ever been successful.

The separation process dubbed “Operation Freedom” was a cooperative effort between doctors from both countries.

“We are really grateful to the doctors and others in Bangladesh who helped us. Today, we feel a bit relieved,” the twin sisters’ father, Rafiqul Islam, told news outlets.

Action-for-Defenceless-People-Foundation-surgeons
Rabeya and Rukaya, two Bangladeshi girls who were born conjoined at the head, lie in beds under supervision by Hungarian anesthesiologists, in a military hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh. (Action for Defenseless People Foundation via AP)

Three operations were needed to separate the girls. The process began last year in Dhaka, with the separation of the shared cerebral vein parts in the twins’ brains.

The second phase began earlier this year in January, the twins were moved from Dhaka to Budapest. Here, the sisters were implanted with a special, Hungarian-designed system to expand their skin and soft tissue.

A group of ADPF doctors, supported by doctors with different medical backgrounds, also mapped out the two brains, using 3D animation software in what Csokay and plastic surgeon Gergely Pataki said was one of the biggest challenges, AFP reported.

“This was one of the biggest most challenging malformations that I have ever seen,” Pataki told AFP in Budapest last month.

Doctor Andras Csokay
Hungarian doctor Andras Csokay performs separation surgery under a microscope on Rabeya and Rukaya. (Andras Taborosi /Action for Defenceless People Foundation via AP)

ADPF was founded in 2002 by Csokay and Pataki with the goal to protect and assist individuals who, due to their health or financial condition, can do little or nothing to protect themselves and assert their interests, according to the ADPF website.

Much of the ADPF’s work is based on volunteers.

“We carry out free surgeries at home and abroad, coordinate medical consultations, organize education, and assist with the purchase of medical equipment, specialized hospital furniture, and rehabilitation equipment,” the website states.

Action for Defenceless People Foundation
Hungarian doctors Gergely Pataki, left, and Andras Csokay perform separation surgery on Rabeya and Rukaya. (Andras Taborosi/Action for Defenseless People Foundation via AP)

The separation of Rabeya and Rukaya was not the first case of Siamese twins being born and separated in Bangladesh.

“In August 2017, twin girls Tofa and Tahura, joined by the rectum and spine, were separated at Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH), in an operation that lasted for about nine hours,” DT Next reported.

This was the first time ever in the history of pediatric surgery in the country in which a pair of Pygopagus twins were separated, pediatric surgeons from DMCH said, The Daily Star reported.

Conjoined at the Skull

Conjoined at the skull is a rare condition that affects one out of around 70,000 in the United States.

In June 2017, Abby and Erin Delaney were born with this rare condition.

Heather Delaney စာစုတင်ရာတွင် အသုံးပြုမှု ၂၀၁၆၊ စက်တင်ဘာ ၁၆၊ သောကြာနေ့

After a successful 11-hour operation, the twins were successfully separated at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP).

Though the twins are back home, the girls will still require many more operations down the road to introduce bone to shore up their skulls and straighten their hairlines. The twins still have to attend many followup doctor appointments and sessions for feeding and speech therapy.

Heather Delaney စာစုတင်ရာတွင် အသုံးပြုမှု ၂၀၁၇၊ အောက်တိုဘာ ၂၂၊ တနင်္ဂနွေနေ့

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The Associated Press and Epoch Times reporter Michael Wing contributed to this report.